Zhengzhou Yonglian Machinery summarized the development form of China's food packaging machinery industry in the first quarter based on relevant data: the output value of the food packaging machinery industry in the first quarter increased by 24.94%, and the total profit from January to February was 359 million yuan, an increase of 44.33% year-on-year.
Regarding the performance of food packaging machinery in the first quarter, Cai Weici, executive vice president of the China Machinery Industry Federation, believes that food and packaging machinery is an emerging industry. With the improvement of people's living standards, the demand for food types and quality requirements have gradually increased. Improvement, which not only provides a broad development space for the food machinery industry, but also puts forward higher requirements for its technological innovation and upgrading.
Industrial upgrade pressure is high
南 He Nanzhi, executive vice chairman of China Food and Packaging Machinery Industry Association, also expressed optimism about the prospect of food packaging machinery. However, he also emphasized that China's food packaging machinery is still obviously weak in competition with developed countries. In particular, about 30% of China's packaging machinery industry has a low level of redundant construction. This situation not only wastes important resources such as limited capital and manpower, but also causes disorder and confusion in the packaging machinery market, hindering the healthy development of the industry. . For example, there are more than 100 automatic sealing machines with relatively basic technology in Wenzhou alone. There are still companies producing coding machines with simple processes; electric pancake machines are very primitive, but there are still many manufacturers; filling, There are still some primary products for the gland machinery; the production of the more basic dough press is also continuing.
'In the first 11 months of 2009, the output value of new products fell by more than 20%.' This is a dangerous signal. 'He Nanzhi said,' This shows that the speed of new product development is slowing down, or that new products that have been developed are not selling well. Even a few companies that did a good job in 2009 did not pay enough attention to new product development, resulting in insufficient development capacity. The development of the industry cannot always rely solely on the increase in sales of old products. Without new products as technical support, how can technological progress be reflected? At this stage, the industry is under increasing pressure to adjust its product structure and technology upgrades. '
It is understood that most of China's food packaging machinery is stand-alone, with low scientific and technological content and low degree of automation. It has few applications in new technologies, new processes and new materials, and cannot meet the current requirements of the development of food enterprises in China. Some food companies have to spend a lot of money to import some complete sets of food packaging production lines with advanced technology, high production efficiency, and high packaging accuracy from abroad for technological transformation, resulting in a large part of the domestic market share being occupied by foreign brands.
Compare the main gap between domestic food packaging machinery and foreign brands. He Nanzhi believes that the gap is mainly in the following two aspects:
First, low production efficiency, high energy consumption, poor stability and reliability, backward product shape, rough appearance, low life of basic and supporting parts, and poor quality of domestic pneumatic and electrical components.
Second, the control technology is applied less frequently. Such as long-distance remote control technology, stepper motor technology, information processing technology and so on. At present, the packaging machinery in Germany, Italy, the United States, and Japan are at the top of the list. Among them, the technology of the three types of machinery in the United States, such as molding, filling, and sealing, is rapidly updated. For example, a liquid filling machine produced by American Liquid Filling Equipment Company (EJF), one device can realize gravity filling, pressure filling and positive pressure mobile pump filling. That is to say, any liquid with viscosity can be realized by changing the filling method through microcomputer control.
In recent years, this technology has also appeared in China, such as Jiangsu Qunjie Packaging Machinery Factory, Guangzhou Aote Packaging Machine Company, etc.
He Nanzhi believes that with the development of global science and technology, developed countries have integrated nuclear energy technology, microelectronics technology, laser technology, biotechnology and system engineering into traditional machinery manufacturing technology. New materials such as new alloy materials, polymer materials, composite materials, and inorganic non-metal materials have also been promoted and applied. The integration, intelligence, networking, and flexibility of food packaging machinery will become the mainstream of future development.
In the face of market demand, how to catch up and even surpass the food packaging machinery in developed countries? How to increase the pace of independent innovation and strive to develop a group of products with independent intellectual property rights and international advanced levels in a short period of time? Has become an urgent task in front of China's food packaging machinery enterprises.
弈 Games in emerging industries
Because there is a certain gap with the level of developed countries, the domestic food packaging industry has a lot of room for improvement.
For example, after the implementation of the new labor law, labor costs have become higher and higher. The average monthly salary of ordinary workers in coastal areas is more than 1,000 yuan, and each additional person in the enterprise must spend 30% -50% more on administrative and logistical management. And other related costs, bringing more and more difficulties to enterprise management and cost control. It now appears that many companies' goal in the next two years is to reduce staffing and increase efficiency, and the efficiency of enterprises will become the main indicator for consideration. From this perspective, automated detection has great potential in China, and the development of this technology will advance by leaps and bounds in the next 5 to 10 years.
Because there are still a large number of hand-made workshops in China, the advantages of advanced equipment are not obvious, and sometimes they are even beaten by manual products. China is still relatively backward compared to the international level. Domestic mainstream equipment is equivalent to the level of foreign countries in the 1980s, and handmade products are more accepted in the market. Speaking of this difference, the person in charge of Hangzhou Zhongya Machinery Co., Ltd. said, 'Foreign food packaging machinery has high requirements on quality and speed, and the cost per capita is relatively high; in China, it is exactly the opposite. When people have increased quality and price requirements, this will High-speed equipment is required to replace manual production. We believe this is a process, and after 3 to 5 years, the competitiveness of advanced equipment will obviously be reflected.
It is understood that in the packaging and printing market, the three major plates of pre-press platemaking, printing, and post-processing have matured, that is, the three links of pre-press, printing, and post-press, but most manufacturers focus only on one aspect or this. Three aspects, in fact, ignore a very important point, that is, comprehensive quality inspection and management. So far in China, almost no company's entire production process is completely controlled by computers, MIS or total quality management and testing systems. It lacks a complete and automatic means to ensure total quality control, but uses a large number of manual and excessive Relies on artificial experience.